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Types of Positions

Invent your Career at Virginia Tech

The university employs approximately 13,000 people on campus, throughout the state, and around the world in a variety of position types, including:

Faculty Positions

Faculty employment falls under the purview of the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors, which is responsible for establishing faculty employment policies. The search and screen process for faculty positions is decentralized and is the responsibility of the hiring department. 

Although departments may advertise vacant positions in a variety of locations, all advertised positions are also posted at

The “faculty” category includes:

Teaching and research faculty (T&R) positions:

These would be the typical teaching faculty members with substantial responsibilities for undergraduate and graduate instruction, research, and outreach. Research and extension specialist positions are also T&R faculty, although they may have a relatively small instructional component. These positions may be tenure-track (about 1,300 university wide) with the ranks of assistant, associate, or full professor; typically such positions would be regular and require a terminal degree in the field. They may also be non-tenure-track, such as the instructor or clinical faculty ranks. These positions may be either restricted or regular, (see below for an explanation of employment terms) and typically require at least a master’s degree in the field

Administrative and professional (A/P) positions:

Administrative faculty (Senior Administrators) perform work directly related to management of the institution, college, or an administrative department. Examples would be dean, vice president, or director of a major unit. 

Professional and Managerial positions may include jobs in Financial, Public Relations, Human Resources, Information Technology, and other fields.  Other positions may include librarians, counselors, extension agents, coaches, physicians, academic and student affairs professionals, development officers, professionals in outreach and continuing education, and others. There are approximately 1,400 A/P positions, about 1/3 or more are extension agents employed in locations throughout the state. A/P positions typically require a minimum of a master’s degree; some will require a doctorate.

Research faculty positions:

Research faculty members are typically employed on sponsored grants and contracts and carry out research (or outreach projects) as part of the university’s research and outreach missions. 

Research faculty ranks are research associate, senior research associate, research scientist, senior research scientist, postdoctoral associate, project associate, senior project associate, project director, research assistant professor, research associate professor, and research professor. These positions are usually on soft (grant) funds and are restricted (see below for an explanation of employment terms). Research faculty positions typically require a minimum of a doctorate however Project Associate and Research Associate ranks require a minimum of a Master’s Degree.  

Please contact the relevant department or faculty members directly if you are interested in pursuing postdoc positions.  In some cases Research faculty can be hired through a Search Exemption. More information can be found  The minimum initial appointment for all research faculty is one year and for competitive searches the position must be posted for a minimum of 10 business days. Since research employment can be opportunistic, potential applicants are strongly encouraged to seek referrals and to make connections with relevant departments and research centers to explore what possibilities might exist. For an up-to-date listing of research (and other) centers visit

Virginia Tech also supports the professional development of dual career hires through unpaid appointments as “affiliated research faculty.” These appointments allow spouses or partners with appropriate academic credentials to affiliate with a relevant academic department or research center for the purpose of pursuing sponsored grants or contracts to support their own salaries and research programs. Please see section 6.2 of the Faculty Handbook for more information.

Adjunct teaching faculty:

Part-time, temporary teaching positions also exist. Such positions may, or may not be advertised. To pursue such opportunities, applicants should approach the relevant department head directly.

Staff Positions

The Virginia Tech Department of Human Resources is responsible for all aspects of staff employment, including oversight for the advertising and screening of applicants for various positions. 

Virginia Tech has about 3,500 staff employees in a wide array of positions such as custodial, dining hall workers, administrative assistants, lab technicians, trade workers, entry-level professionals and many others. Most staff jobs are in pay bands 1 - 4.  General information about staff career groups is available online.  Staff positions are salaried and eligible for certain benefits.   

Classified Staff:

Employees who began state employment prior to July 1, 2006 when the Restructured Higher Education Finance and Administrative Operations Act became effective are covered by the Virginia Personnel Act and State of Virginia Human Resource policies (administered by the Virginia Department of Human Resource Management).

University Staff:

Employees hired on or after July 1, 2006 are considered university staff and are covered by university policies.

Wage Positions

These positions are considered part-time and are currently not eligible for benefits.  An hourly rate is paid for hours worked and total hours worked May 1 - April 30 is limited to 1,500 hours.  Employees may be required to work  40 hours per week for 37 weeks, 28 hours per week for 52 weeks, or some other combination not to exceed 1,500 hours from May 1 - April 30.

1,500 Hour Wage:

Positions are advertised through the Department of Human Resources on like staff and faculty positions.  These jobs are usually short-term or project in focus but may continue for several years.  Total hours worked from May 1 - April 30 is limited to 1500 hours.

Student Wage:

Positions are considered part-time and usually offer no benefits.  Vacant positions are advertised and filled at the department level.  Positions may be advertised online through the department's web page or other means of advertising.  Some student wage positions are advertised in the Student section of  To qualify for student wage positions, the applicant must be currently enrolled as a Virginia Tech student, be available to work the required work schedule, be qualified to do the work, and possess the necessary permits to work in the United States. Working over 20 hours per week may require approval from the student's program of study.

Emergency Hire:

Positions are hourly wage and no benefits with a temporary or seasonal time limit not to exceed 130 days.  Advertising and hiring is done at the department level and no search process is required.  For more information on emergency hire positions, please contact the department you want to work in to see if an emergency hire position is available.

Sporadic Hire:

Positions are hourly wage and no benefits with a limit of 10 hours or less per week.  Sporadic hire positions may be on-going but work is limited to 10 hours or less per week.  Advertising and hiring is done at the department level and no search process is required.  For more information on sporadic hire positions, please contact the department you want to work in to see if a sporadic hire position is available.

Employment Terms


Salaried positions that are eligible for certain benefits.  Usually work 40 hours per week.


Some part-time positions are salaried and work less than 40 hours per week but more than or equal to 20 hours per week.  Certain benefits are available for salaried part-time positions.  Other part-time positions are considered wage positions with an hourly rate of pay and no benefits.  Wage positions are considered part-time even if the person works 40 hours per week for the 37 weeks employed because of the 1,500 hour per fiscal year limit.

Regular Funding:

Positions with regular funding are usually state funded positions and have greater stability.

Restricted Funding:

Positions are normally contract or grant funded with an end date or the continuation of the position is based on the availability of funds.  

Academic Year:

These positions usually work 9 months, 10 months, or 11 months during the academic school year of August 10 through May 10, June 10, or July 10.

Calendar Year:

Positions work 12 months during the year.

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